Electric vehicle batteries can serve multiple purposes, often categorized as V2X applications. Notably, the energy stored in onboard batteries can be shared with the grid through V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid) functionality. In V2G, excess power from EV batteries can be sold to the grid, contributing to grid stability and energy availability.
During grid outages, households can rely on their EV batteries for emergency power supply, a function known as V2H (Vehicle-to-Home). This capability ensures a backup power source when needed most.
Moreover, the efficient power conversion inherent in V2G plays a pivotal role in advancing smart grids, microgrids, and energy storage systems, making it a vital component in the realization of these technologies.